In the Philippine’s case, Filipino is the national language. However, a lot of people in different regions within the country also think that their “dialects” are different languages as well.
To simplify our understanding, a golden rule is established. One is a language when another person who speaks a different language does not understand the person who speaks it. Language is then understood as a medium of communication used at macro level across a country with dialects under it that may come in different variations.
In the Philippines, for example, languages and dialects diversely spread out across the 7,100 plus islands. To illustrate our definition above, everyone in the country can speak and understand Filipino but somebody who speaks Filipino does not understand somebody who speaks Cebuano or Hiligaynon, which are other major languages in the country from a different region. On the other hand, people who speak various dialects, coming from these major languages, can understand each other.
The table below clearly shows the different languages in the Philippines translated into simple English words to their corresponding local major language:
|Courtesy of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_the_Philippines|