Saturday, January 22, 2011

Languages and Dialects: A matter of recognition

Being a controversial subject as it is, the distinction between language and dialect often sparks heated debates not only among linguistics experts but also throughout the entire society. What makes a language to be considered a language instead of a dialect? When and under what circumstances can a dialect thrive and become a national language?

In linguistics, a dialect can be defined as a variant of a given language which is spoken by a specific group or in a particular location, but whose distinctive features – e.g. vocabulary, grammar, pronunciation – are “not distinctive enough” to be recognized as a separate language. Experts analyze mutual intelligibility among speakers in order to distinguish languages from dialects. In other words, if two speakers can understand each other although they don´t recognize the use of some words or their pronunciation is different, they must be speaking two different dialects of the same language.

Apart from using the above criterion, the existence of a common cultural history and literary tradition is also analyzed by experts as a exclusive feature of languages. A language is much more than a mere instrument of communication used by a single community of speakers - it is rather a true reflection of their cultural identity and collective values.

It is undeniable that languages have been traditionally used for political reasons over the years as a symbol of national identity as well as a way to unify a community. During the Roman Empire, Latin became the lingua franca which preserved the social and political cohesion across the territories. However, Latin developed different dialects that eventually evolved into separate languages, such as Italian, Spanish or French. For language unification purposes, a prestige dialect is often selected to become the standard/national language, such as the Beijing dialect of Mandarin Chinese, which was chosen by the government of the early Republic of China as the official language of the country.

While the official national languages are always endorsed by governments and institutions, minority languages and dialects often have to face social prejudice and they must constantly struggle to survive. In multilingual societies such as China - home to numerous oral languages with no literary tradition, and where Mandarin is the official language of the administration, media and education system - minority languages and dialects are seriously endangered without the implementation of affirmative policies.

Even though political endorsement is a key factor in order to preserve language diversity, individual speakers can also take initiative by fighting language prejudice and making sure that their mother tongue is passed on to future generations. All languages and dialects deserve the same recognition and respect.

Interpreting Crisis in Spain

A fierce controversy arose this week in Spain about the introduction of interpreting services at the Senate plenary sessions. From now on, senators are allowed to speak in the other officially recognized languages in Spain apart from Castilian Spanish – that is, Catalan, Galician and Basque – and thus translation services are provided. In a national scenario of severe economy recession where public spending has been reduced, many argue that this measure is unnecessary due to the fact that all the senators can speak and understand Spanish.

The government states that the overall budget for the Senate has been reduced since last year and the total cost of the interpreting services does not even reach one percent of the yearly budget assigned to the upper chamber. However, if Spanish is widely spoken and understood by all the senators, is it still a waste of money as the opposition claims?

Catalan, Galician and Basque are recognized as co-official languages together with Castilian Spanish in those communities where they are spoken. Although language plurality in Spain is protected and promoted by the constitution, Castilian Spanish is still the only language at the country level administration and public institutions outside those communities.

Therefore, the use of the co-official languages at the Senate should be considered as a progressive step towards language normalization in Spain. Unfortunately, public spending cuts during a period of economic crisis always tend to affect culture and language promotion since other priorities guide the allocation of funds.


aliyaa said...

Our free online grammar checker tool is easy and it will not require you advanced knowledge of the English language. Our grammar checker is an all-around proofreading tool that is intended to eliminate your proofreading woes by creating an easier and more efficient solution.

Unknown said...

English descriptive linguistics check software package permits US to envision many text blocks and alternative text for any descriptive linguistics issues, so they rework correct, fluent, and skilled. What makes these innovative solutions higher than the standard word processors? homepage

Unknown said...

Doing an internet descriptive linguistics check proves to be a lot of sensible is a few ways that than putting in a software package for checking descriptive linguistics. apart from the very fact that some software package for checking descriptive linguistics don't seem to be package or paid programs, a number of it also are not user friendly. more

Unknown said...

Great post! I have always visited the blog to get much knowledge about the language. You are doing great with their I like the informative post and you can visit site to learn more language.

Thomas Venney said...

Thanks for sharing.

Thomas Venney said...

Business photography demands high degrees of professionalism to draw out the finest in an individual. A winning business picture can be attained with the needed adjustments to make the subject stand out from the surrounding. visit site will help you to write your company profile.

Aparna said...

I really enjoy to read your marvelous blog and Here are some more useful tips. It was a really informative and very creative blog. I loved this article and kindly updating more post...

Tableau Training in Chennai
Tableau Training Institutes in Chennai
Excel Training in Chennai
Appium Training in Chennai
Oracle Training in Chennai
JMeter Training in Chennai
Oracle DBA Training in Chennai
Linux Training in Chennai
Power BI Training in Chennai
Embedded System Course Chennai

Chris Hemsworth said...

The article is so informative. This is more helpful for our
selenium training in chennai
selenium online courses best selenium online training
selenium testing training
selenium classes
Thanks for sharing.

Chris Hemsworth said...

The article is so informative. This is more helpful for our
selenium training in chennai
selenium online courses best selenium online training
selenium testing training
selenium classes
Thanks for sharing.

Naveen S said...

This is the first & best article to make me satisfied by presenting good content. I feel so happy and delighted. Thank you so much for this article.

Learn Best Digital Marketing Course in Chennai

Digital Marketing Course Training with Placement in Chennai

Best Big Data Course Training with Placement in Chennai

Big Data Analytics and Hadoop Course Training in Chennai

Best Data Science Course Training with Placement in Chennai

Data Science Online Certification Course Training in Chennai

Learn Best Android Development Course Training Institute in Chennai

Android Application Development Programming Course Training in Chennai

Learn Best AngularJS 4 Course Online Training and Placement Institute in Chennai

Learn Digital Marketing Course Training in Chennai

Digital Marketing Training with Placement Institute in Chennai

Learn Seo Course Training Institute in Chennai

Learn Social Media Marketing Training with Placement Institute in Chennai

zuan said...

Thanks for sharing an informative blog keep rocking bring more details.I like the helpful info you provide in your articles. I’ll bookmark your weblog and check again here regularly. I am quite sure I will learn much new stuff right here! Good luck for the next!
Web Designing Training Institute in Chennai | web design training class in chennai | web designing course in chennai with placement
Mobile Application Development Courses in chennai
Data Science Training in Chennai | Data Science courses in Chennai
Professional packers and movers in chennai | PDY Packers | Household Goods Shifting
Web Designing Training Institute in Chennai | Web Designing courses in Chennai
Google ads services | Google Ads Management agency
Web Designing Course in Chennai | Web Designing Training in Chennai

priya said...

I have been reading for the past two days about your blogs and topics, still on fetching! Wondering about your words on each line was massively effective.
php online training in chennai
php programming center in chennai
php class in chennnai
php certification course
php developer training institution chennai
php training in chennnai
php mysql course in chennai
php institute in chennnai
php course in chennnai
php training with placement in chennnai
php developer course

priya said...

Nice post. Thanks for sharing! I want people to know just how good this information is in your article. It’s interesting content and Great work.
appium online training
appium training centres in chennai
best appium training institute in chennnai
apppium course
mobile appium in chennnai
mobile training in chennnai
appium training institute in chennnai

w3webschool said...

Nice blog, it’s so knowledgeable, informative, and good looking site. I appreciate your hard work. Good job. Thank you for this wonderful sharing with us. Keep Sharing.
Digital Marketing Course In Kolkata

Anurag Srivastava said...

Hey, Your post is very informative and helpful for us...Postal Recruitment 2020 is a leading job website for all Government job recruitment notification. This page is an exclusive page for the Latest recruitment notification from India Post India Post 2020...

shreekavi said...

Wonderful blog. It is really informative to all.keep update more information about this
IELTS Coaching in Chennai
IELTS Coaching in Bangalore
IELTS Coaching centre in coimbatore
IELTS Coaching in madurai
IELTS Coaching in Hyderabad
ielts training in marathahalli
IELTS Classes in Bangalore
IELTS Coaching in BTM
German Classes in Bangalore
Selenium Training in Bangalore

chandhran said...

The explanation given is really comprehensive and informative. Keep posting..
Data Science Course in Chennai
Data Science Courses in Bangalore
Data Science Training in BTM
Data Science Training in Marathahalli
Data Science Course in Marathahalli
Best Data Science Training in Marathahalli
Data Science Institute in Marathahalli
PHP Training in Bangalore
DOT NET Training in Bangalore
Spoken English Classes in Bangalore

Arjundevan said...

valuable blog,Informative content...thanks for sharing, Waiting for the next update...
SAS Training in Chennai
sas training fees in chennai
sas course fees in chennai
sas training in vadapalani
sas training in Guindy
clinical sas training in chennai
Mobile Testing Training in Chennai
QTP Training in Chennai
Hibernate Training in Chennai
DOT NET Training in Chennai

Farhan.Jee said...

This is a somewhat perplexing question that most aspiring freelancers ask and even get worried about. Cheap Thesis Writing Service

Riya Raj said...

Great Post!!! Thanks for the data update and waiting for your new updates.
Android Training in Chennai
android classes in chennai
Android Training Institute in Chennai
android development course in chennai
Android training in Thiruvanmiyur
Android Training in Velachery
Python Training in Chennai
Software testing training in chennai
Python Training in Chennai
JAVA Training in Chennai

Best said...

This is because you will not be using any facilities but your own and the teacher will not be handing out anything but electronic manuals and guides. 360DigiTMG data science training in hyderabad

Aishu said...

Your style is very unique compared to other folks I've read stuff from. Many thanks for posting when you have the opportunity, blog Guess I will just book mark this site.
IELTS training in chennai

German Classes in Chennai

GRE Coaching Classes in Chennai

TOEFL Coaching in Chennai

spoken english classes in chennai | Communication training

Data Science Training said...

Thanks for the Information.Interesting stuff to read.Great Article.
I enjoyed reading your post, very nice share.
Data Science Course Training in Hyderabad

Digi said...

Awesome post, Thanks for sharing this
Data Science Institutes In Hyderabad

Anu said...

Thanks for sharing this
Best Data Science Course

arshiya said...

I really enjoyed reading your blog. This is truly a great read for me.
string class in java
java substring
string class in java
simpledateformat in java
advantages of aws
software testing interview questions and answers for experienced

EXCELR said...

"Very good article with very useful information. Visit our websitedata science training in Hyderabad

siva said...

The above information is very effective for viewers, I have got more information from your article.
length of array python
oops concepts python
what is framework in python
how to use goto in python
selenium interview questions and answers for experienced

EXCELR said...

Excellent post and wonderful blog, Very good writing a university college and collecting information on this topic .I really like this type of interesting articles keep it up. data science training

Excelr Tuhin said...

I've read this post and if I could I desire to suggest you some interesting things or suggestions. Perhaps you could write next articles referring to this article. I want to read more things about it!
data science training in Hyderabad

Mallela said...

Thanks for posting the best information and the blog is very informative.Data science course in Faridabad

Maneesha said...

I inquisitive more enthusiasm for some of them trust you will give more data on this subjects in your next articles. data scientists training

Maneesha said...

Generally I do not learn post on blogs, however I wish to say that this write-up very compelled me to check out and do so! Your writing taste has been surprised me. Thank you, quite great article.|
data scientist training and placement in hyderabad

Mallela said...

Thanks for posting the best information and the blog is very science institutes in hyderabad

Deekshitha said...

Informative blog
data analytics courses in hyderabad

Maneesha said...

You completed a number of nice points there. I did a search on the issue and found nearly all people will have the same opinion with your blog.
data scientist course in hyderabad

Mallela said...

Thanks for posting the best information and the blog is very marketing institute in hyderabad

Mallela said...

Thanks for posting the best information and the blog is very important.artificial intelligence course in hyderabad

Mallela said...

Thanks for posting the best information and the blog is very science institutes in hyderabad

Deekshitha said...

Informative blog
best digital marketing institute in hyderabad

Deekshitha said...

Informative blog
ai training in hyderabad

Priya Rathod said...

Great post! I am seeing the great contents and step by step read really nice information. I am gathered this concept and more information.
Data Science Training in Hyderabad
Data Science Course in Hyderabad

Deekshitha said...

Informative blog
data science course in Nashik

Data Science Training - 360DigiTMG said...

Tremendous blog quite easy to grasp the subject since the content is very simple to understand. Obviously, this helps the participants to engage themselves in to the subject without much difficulty. Hope you further educate the readers in the same manner and keep sharing the content as always you do.

data science course in faridabad

Deekshitha said...

Informative blog
data analytics courses in hyderabad

data scientist course said...

I have bookmarked your site since this site contains significant data in it. You rock for keeping incredible stuff. I am a lot of appreciative of this site.
data scientist training in hyderabad

Data Science Training - 360DigiTMG said...

Terrific post thoroughly enjoyed reading the blog and more over found to be the tremendous one. In fact, educating the participants with it's amazing content. Hope you share the similar content consecutively.

data science course in varanasi

cloud computing course in bangalore said...

Extremely overall quite fascinating post. I was searching for this sort of data and delighted in perusing this one. Continue posting. A debt of gratitude is in order for sharing. data scientist course in delhi

data science said...

I was basically inspecting through the web filtering for certain data and ran over your blog. I am flabbergasted by the data that you have on this blog. It shows how well you welcome this subject. Bookmarked this page, will return for extra. data science course in jaipur

data scientist course said...

It was good experience to read about dangerous punctuation. Informative for everyone looking on the subject.
data scientist training in hyderabad

data scientist course said...

Excellent post.I want to thank you for this informative read, I really appreciate sharing this great post.Keep up your work
data scientist course in hyderabad

data scientist course said...

Thank you for taking the time to publish this information very useful!
data scientist training in hyderabad

dataanalytics said...

I have express a few of the articles on your website now, and I really like your style of blogging. I added it to my favorite’s blog site list and will be checking back soon…
data scientist training and placement in hyderabad

DataScienceBOX said...

I am a new user of this site, so here I saw several articles and posts published on this site, I am more interested in some of them, will provide more information on these topics in future articles.
data science course in london

Data Science Training - 360DigiTMG said...

Thanks for bringing such an innovative content which truly attracts the readers towards you. Certainly, your blog competes with your co-bloggers to come up with the newly updated info. Finally, kudos to your efforts.

Data Science Course in Varanasi