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Mistranslations may also carry tragic consequences. Five Bulgarian nurses and a Palestinian doctor were initially sentenced to death in Libya for allegedly having infected 400 children with HIV in a Libyan hospital in 1998. French Nobel Prize winner Prof. Luc Montagnier, one of the co-discoverers of HIV, conducted investigations into this case together with a group of scientist, which concluded that the virus was more likely to have been spread through unsterile hospital practices rather than by deliberate infection. Prof. Montagnier, who testified in person at the trial, claimed that the Libyan court neglected scientific evidence due to the mistranslation of the English term 'recombinant', which means a natural recombination of viruses, as 'genetically modified' implying deliberate human manipulation.