From their numerous findings, there stands out some archeological finds that created a great impact and gave huge benefits to humankind.
|Rosetta Stone in the British Museum|
It was inscribed in two languages, Egyptian and Greek. The text used three types of scripts: demotic, ancient Greek and hieroglyphic. Its discovery and eventual translation became the key to understanding the formerly undecipherable hieroglyphs created by the Egyptians.
The Rosetta Stone is the first bilingual text of Ancient Egypt that was discovered in modern times. It became known that the text on the Rosetta Stone is the same, done in three versions. The demotic text and the hieroglyphic text were used to phonetically spell foreign names and native Egyptian words.
|Darius I the Great's Inscription|
The text is a warning for people who rebel against King Darius and the punishment they would receive if they disobeyed. Italian Pietro della Valle discovered the first part of the inscriptions, written in Old Persian. Army officer Henry C. Rawlinson of the British East India Company later deciphered it in 1846. His work on the ancient Persian text led to the transcribing of the other two languages and the development of Assyriology.
Dead Sea Scrolls
|The Psalms Scroll, one of the Dead Sea Scrolls|
Considered among the greatest archeological finds are the Dead Sea Scrolls. The nearly 1,000 documents were discovered in 11 caves around Wadi Qumran in the West Bank, near the Dead Sea between 1947 and 1979. These are considered as the only surviving copies of documents related to the Hebrew Bible that were written before 100 A.D. The scrolls, inscribed on parchment, papyrus and bronze, were written in Aramaic, Greek, Nabataean and Hebrew. Forty percent of the identified scrolls contain biblical text while the rest of the manuscripts are divided into two. One includes psalms and documents about notable figures not included in the Hebrew Bible. The second are rules and beliefs practiced by greater Judaism groups.
by: Bernadiine B. Racoma
Editor , Day Translations, Inc.
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- Rosetta Stone
- Darius I the Great's Inscription
- The Psalm Scroll